Pay for Performance Hard to Get Right

Carrot250

I found this interesting article on the Harvard Business School Working Knowledge site. It examines 13 pay-for-performance programs that various groups in HP tried and dropped. There are lessons to be learned from these experiences.

What gets incented gets done, at the expense of the rest of the stuff. Think about the side effects of any incentive program. Giving extra pay for outstanding individual accomplishments is not going to encourage teamwork, for example.

Manage expectations; better to start with goals that are too high than too low. If management finds that fewer people than expected are able to perform up to the incented level, it is a simple matter to adjust the level down a bit next cycle. If, however, more people than expected make it the first cycle, they are likely to cry ‘Foul!’ when management adjusts the levels up next time.

Creativity and learning are tough to incent with a pay-for-performance program. Such programs tend to reward ‘success’ and results, not experimentation, trial and error.

I agree that these programs can be hard to get right, and are costly when they are done wrong. In management, as in engineering, it is often the hardest things that are most valuable. Pay-for-performance is a tool. It is management’s job to decide if it is the right tool.

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2 Comments

  1. Hillary Johnson
    Posted January 22, 2008 at 12:51 pm | Permalink

    This reminds me of why teachers grade on a curve–it can seem unfair at first glance not to reward everyone if everyone does well, but if everyone gets an “A” then it is no longer really an “A”, is it?

  2. Posted February 25, 2008 at 11:48 am | Permalink

    As with my clients, I love to pose provocative questions, to challenge current “management fads” and best practices that may be leading American businesses into decline. What if we didn’t Pay people for Performance? What if we didn’t give them Performance Appraisals? What if we didn’t give grades in school (as if grades are a reflection on a student knowledge, not a reflection of the teacher’s ability to facilitate learning?) Hmmm . . . “What if we . . . ” might be a pretty powerful beginning to a better world. And when we lock into “best practices,” we might ask “So What?” or “But then again, I might be wrong . . . ” What if incentives, rewards, and merit pay went away–and instead collaborating together for a Compelling purpose allowed people to contribute, have fun and pride in work and learning? What a better world it might be.

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